Web Accessibility

Introduction

Most people today cannot live without internet. Now, the whole world can be “at your fingertips”. Here I will help you to understand how the people with disabilities accesses the web, the problems they faced and what we can do to make it more accessible for them.

What is Web Accessibility?

Web accessibility means that the web allows the people with disabilities to use. More importantly to allow people with disabilities to observe, comprehend, navigate and also interact with the web and also to make contributions to the web.

At the moment most websites and software have accessibility issues making it difficult or even impossible for people with disability to use. As the growing of more and more accessible websites and software made available, they are able to use the web more effectively.

Web accessibility not only benefit people with disabilities but also people without. One of the key principle of web accessibility is to design the website or software that will be flexible in meeting the different requirements, preferences and conditions of the user. This flexibility will also benefit people without disabilities during such circumstances, such as people with abilities change during aging or people with slow internet connections.

Why Web Accessibility is Important?

Aspects of Life:

  1. Education
  2. Employment
  3. Government
  4. Commerce
  5. Health care
  6. Recreation
  7. Etc.

Web accessibility is to ensure equal access and equal opportunity for people with or without disabilities. Also providing possibility of unprecedented access to information and interaction such as the accessibility issues to printing, audio and also visual media allowing them to be more easily overcome through these technologies.

Making the Web Accessible

Web accessibility have always been the responsibility for web developers. Web software played an important role as well as they need to help the developers to produce and assess accessible websites.

Guidelines and techniques that define accessibility solutions for software and developers are developed by the Web Accessibility Initiative. These guidelines are the basis of the international standards.

Making your Website Accessible

It can be either simple or complex in making a website accessible as it is dependent on many aspects such as the different types of content, the magnitude and difficulty of the site and the development tools and setting.

Many accessibility features will be easily implemented if planning started before the development and design. Significant effort are required when fixing an inaccessible website, especially those that were not programmed properly or contain certain types of content such as multimedia.

Evaluating the Accessibility of a Website

Evaluating accessibility as early as possible and also during the developmental process will aid in the development or redesigning of a site. Simple techniques like changing the settings in a web browser can decide whether the web page met any of the accessibility guidelines. It will be much more complex when doing a complete evaluation to conclude if the site met all accessibility guidelines.

Evaluation tools have been development to aid evaluation but none standalone tool can determine if a site have met all guidelines. Human evaluation still plays a crucial role in this.

Reference

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_accessibility
  2. http://webaim.org/intro/
  3. https://www.w3.org/WAI/intro/accessibility.php
  4. http://www.w3.org/standards/webdesign/accessibility
  5. http://www.iacentre.org.sg/web-accessibility-training/